Anal Fistulas

An Overview

 

Anal Fistula is a small tunnel that develops between the end of the bowel and the skin around the anus. They are mostly caused by infection near the anus. Anal fistulas are most likely to cause different types of discomfort like skin irritation. One cannot get rid of the skin irritation on their own. And in many cases, surgery is recommended.
Anal fistulas are the result of an infection of the anal glands. Anal fistulas cause chronic and often severe pain. The pain may be experienced as a burning sensation and/or pricking, cutting or stinging sensations.

 

Probable Treatment

There are many treatments for anal fistulas, but the two most common methods used to treat fistulas are surgery and medical therapy.

Causes of Anal Fistulas

There are plenty of things that can cause anal fistulas but mostly clogged anal glands and anal abscesses cause anal fistulas. Other things that cause anal fistulas include:
● Trauma
● Sexually Transmitted Disease
● Radiation

Medical therapy

It consists of various antibiotics to kill bacteria in the anus (probiotics) as well as various medications to control pain and/or reduce swelling.

Symptoms of Anal Fistulas

Anal fistulas cause discomfort and sometimes can become severe. Symptoms of anal fistulas include
● Skin irritation around the anus
● Pain and swelling around the anus
● Bleeding
● Pus or blood in the stool
● A constant Pain while moving around, coughing or stool
● Redness or swelling around the anus
● Fever, chills and fatigue
● Difficulty in controlling the bowel movement

Surgery

It involves the removal of the damaged anal membrane, which may be done through an open operation or by creating a rectal fistula by creating an incision in the anal mucosa and inserting a plastic tube.