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Piles or Haemorrhoids

An Overview

 

Haemorrhoids, likewise known as piles, are some of the swollen veins in the lowest rectum or anus. It is a bit similar to the varicose vein. It can also develop in the rectum or under the skin inside the rectum ( internal haemorrhoid) or the skin around the anus (external haemorrhoid).

Three out of four people will suffer from haemorrhoids from time to time. Haemorrhoids can have a number of causes, but often you will see that the cause is unknown. Fortunately, enough choices are public to fete haemorrhoids. Many people will get relief from lifestyle changes and home treatment.

Symptoms of Haemorrhoids

Symptoms and Signs of haemorrhoids will depend on their nature. Typically, there are two types of haemorrhoids.

External haemorrhoids

It takes place under the skin and around your anus. Symptoms and Signs of external haemorrhoids include the following.
● Disturbance or prickle in your anal part
● Discomfort and pain
● Swelling around the anus
● Bleeding

Internal Haemorrhoids

These haemorrhoids lie in the rectum. You can't see or feel it but it will rarely cause discomfort. Irritation or straining will take place due to the passing of stool. Symptoms and Signs of internal haemorrhoids include the following.
● Painless bleeding during the bowel movement. You might see some red blood patch on your toilet tissue or in the toilet.
● Haemorrhoids will pass through the anal opening resulting in irritation and pain.

Thromboses Haemorrhoid

If the blood pool in an external haemorrhoid forms of clot or thrombus, it will result in the following.
● Swelling
● Inflammation
● severe pain
● lump near the anus

Causes of Haemorrhoid

The veins around the anus will tend to stretch under pressure and may swell or bulge. Haemorrhoids will develop from increased pressure in the lower spectrum due to the following.
● Straining due to bowel movement
● Sitting for an extended term in the washroom
● being obese
● being pregnant
● Having anal intercourse
● Eating a diet low in fibre
● Regular lifting of loads

Haemorrhoids Surgery

These surgeries needs to be done after anaesthesia. Hemorrhoidopexy Hemorrhoidopexy also known as stapling, is basically done in same-day surgery and requires local, regional, or general anaesthesia. Prolapse haemorrhoids are treated by stapling. The surgical staple treats the prolapse haemorrhoids by putting them back in place inside the rectum and cutting off the blood supply so that the tissues can be reabsorbed. Hemorrhoidectomy Hemorrhoidectomy is used to treat large haemorrhoids, grades 3-4 haemorrhoids, internal haemorrhoids, the ones which are not responding to non-surgical treatments or are prolapsed.

Treatment for Haemorrhoids

You need to seek emergency care if you experience lightheadedness, faintness, dizziness, or large amounts of rectal bleeding. You can try out the following if you have haemorrhoids.
● Drink plenty of fluids
● Take fibre supplements
● Exercise
● Avoid long periods of sitting

Risk factors of Haemorrhoids

As your age increases, your risk factor for haemorrhoids will increase. It is because the tissues that support the pain in the anus and rectum can stretch and weaken. It can also happen during times of pregnancy because the baby's weight put pressure on the anal region.